Some of these cookies are essential to the operation of the site,
while others help to improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used.
KudoZ is 'n termhulpnetwerk. Deur KudoZ kan ProZ.com-gebruiker aan mekaar en aan gaste gratis bystand bied om moeilike terme te vertaal. Kyk gerus na ons flitsinleiding om meer te leer.
1.2 - Glossary of KudoZ terms
Question: The request for help posted by the asker, including at least a language pair, a field of expertise, a term and context information.
Action buttons: Buttons located below the question that offer users access to several areas described below. The buttons are:
Answer: Reply in the target language to the asked term, including at least the translation of the term, an explanation and the answerer's confidence level.
Reference comment: This area is accessed with the "Post reference" button and should be used to provide information which is not in itself an answer, but which may be helpful to either the asker or other answerers. The information submitted in this way will not be subject to consideration as "best" or "most helpful", and points will not be received.
Discussion area: This area is accessed with the "Post discussion" button and should be used for requests and additional exchanges of context information and for linguistic discussions on the question. This area should not be used to comment on answers (see rule 3.4 ) or on participants see rule 3.7). In GBK it also allows participation of users who do not meet the criteria to answer.
Grading: The process by which the asker reviews the suggestions and awards points to the answerer who provided the translation deemed by the asker to be the most useful.
Peer comment: A comment made by a site user concerning his agreement or disagreement with a translation suggested by a peer. Peer comments must be based on linguistic considerations and said considerations must be provided in case of disagree or neutral comments. This is the only valid way to comment on a KudoZ answer.
Asker: A person in need of translation assistance who posts a term or phrase, providing context and the desired target language.
Answerer: A site user who provides an answer to a KudoZ question.
Reference poster: A site user who provides a reference comment.
KudoZ editors: Non-moderator site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions.
1.3 - Hoe werk dit?
'n KudoZ-'transaksie' bestaan uit drie stappe:
(1) 'n Persoon wat hulp met vertaling verlang, pos 'n term of frase, gee konteks, en dui die doeltaal aan.
(2) 'n Werfgebruiker stel 'n vertaling voor, gee 'n verduideliking, en gee ook verwysings.
(3) Die vraer gaan die voorstelle na, en ken 1 tot 4 punte aan die werfgebruiker toe wat die vertaling gegee het wat as die nuttigste of akkuraatste geag word.
1.4 - Wat is die nut van KudoZ-punte?
Sekere kliënte gebruik KudoZ-punte om te merk of vertalers gekwalifiseer is. Die logika is dat as jy die dienste van 'n vertaler nodig het wat iets van medisyne af weet, sal 'n persoon wat 300 punte vir mediese vrae verdien het, 'n goeie plek wees om te begin.
1.5 - ANTWOORDERY: Hoe word KudoZ-punte bygewerk?
KudoZ-puntetotale wat in sekere plekke op die werf gewys word, word een maal elke dag
bygewerk, en dié wat op sekere ander plekke gewys word, word intyds bygewerk. Daar kan dus wel tydelik teenstrydighede wees, maar
korreksies vind plaas wanneer alle punte een maal per dag getel word.
Lede kan die stelsel dwing om hul punte intyds by te werk. Gaan na jou KudoZ-punteopsommingsbladsy en kliek "Werk punttotale nóú
1.6 - Do I earn any KudoZ points by answering KudoZ questions?
No. KudoZ points are only earned if one of your answer to any KudoZ question is selected by the asker or automatically by the system based on peer agreement.
1.8 - Can friends, family members or close associates participate in my KudoZ questions or answers?
Participation in KudoZ questions, particularly using the peer comment system to "boost" an answer, or in asking and answering to gain KudoZ points, should not be carried out among the profiles of friends, family or close associates, in order to maintain a certain level of transparency in the KudoZ arena. In cases where interacting profiles are shown to be of this type, a mutual block may be applied to the profiles (this blocks the interaction between specific profiles only, not participation in KudoZ at large) to ensure fairness.
Access to networking features, which potentially affect other members, may be modified or revoked at the discretion of the ProZ.com team. In particular, KudoZ interaction between profiles may be blocked at the discretion of site staff at any time as a safeguard to preserve the positive, results-oriented atmosphere of KudoZ.
1.9 - ANTWOORDERY: Wat moet ek doen as die KudoZ-reëls verbreek word?
Jy kan óf die persoon wat die reëls verbreek, op die
href="http://www.proz.com/siterules">KudoZ-reëls wys, of die saak onder die moderator van die taalpaar se aandag bring. 'n Lys moderators is hier beskikbaar.
Wanneer jy 'n moderator kontak om verbreking van KudoZ-reëls te rapporteer, sluit asseblief alle tersaaklike inligting in, waaronder skakels na spesifieke vrae, ens.
1.10 - Wat is die logika agter die KudoZ-kategorieë?
KudoZ-vrae kan gekategoriseer word volgens 'n lys van sowat 100 velde. Die lys word statisties saamgestel uit vakgebiede wat deur ProZ.com-lede ingetik word, en is doelbewus wasig. Een lid dink dalk "motor" en 'n ander dink dalk "kar", en daarom word beide kategoriename by die lys ingesluit.
Let op dat hoewel soortgelyke kategorieë soos dié apart verskyn, dit in 'n enkele vakkie in die databasis sal verskyn. Dit maak dus nie saak watter een jy kies nie, solank jou kategorie by jou term pas.
Wenk: in die meeste blaaiers kan jy, wanneer jy in die lys is, bloot die letter van die kategorie tik ("k" vir "karre") totdat jy by die gekose kategorie kom.
1.11 - Wat gebeur wanneer 'n vraag nie gegradeer word nie?
As 'n vraag antwoorde ontvang het, maar nie binne 3 dae gesluit word nie, word 'n e-pos aan die vraer gestuur om hom of haar daaraan te herinner om te gradeer. As die vraag oop bly ná vier sulke herinneringe (oor 2 weke), word 'n poging aangewend om die beste vraag outomaties te kies. 'n Outogradeer-robot kies die vraag op grond van die netto hoeveelheid "stem saam"'e wat elke antwoord gekry het, volgens die volgende reëls:
- Om oorweeg te word, moet die vraag ten minste twee "netto saamstemme" (stem saam, stem nie saam nie) hê.
- Die vraag met die hoogste getal netto saamstemme word gekies. As twee vrae dieselfde hoeveelheid netto saamstemme het, word die een wat laaste ingetik word, gekies. Die idee is dat as twee antwoorde dieselfde getal netto saamstemme het, is die een wat dit in 'n korter tydperk gekry het, waarskynlik beter.)
As geen vraag ten minste 2 netto saamstemme het nie, bly dit oop.
1.12 - Are askers able to close a question without awarding points?
Yes. An asker may choose to do this when s/he has asked a question in error (misspelled term, etc.), when no answer was deemed helpful, when a better term was found elsewhere (and no answer was deemed helpful), or in other cases.
1.13 - How often do askers close questions without awarding points?
Less than 5% of the time.
1.14 - Waar kan ek 'n lys van my vorige vrae en antwoorde kry?
Gaan na jou profielbladsy en kliek op die KudoZ-oortjie.
1.15 - Can I see questions in language pairs not reported in my profile?
Yes. You can see KudoZ questions in all language pairs by clicking on See more languages in the KudoZ questions page.
1.16 - In watter omstandighede sal 'n KudoZ-vraag verwyder word?
Daar is omtrent tien moontlike redes hoekom 'n KudoZ-vraag verwyder ("platgedruk") kan word. Vir 'n bespreking van dié redes, kyk: hierdie artikel.
1.17 - What information can I see about a KudoZ asker?
If you move your mouse over the asker's picture in a KudoZ question you will see a mouse-over message similar to the one pictured below:
The following definitions apply:
* Questions: the amount of questions posted by the asker.
* Open: questions that remain open and have at least an answer not hidden and not declined by the asker.
* Without valid answers: questions that remain open and that received no answers, or that received answers that were hidden, or declined by the asker.
* Closed without grading: questions that were closed without grading by the asker after having received at least one answer not hidden.
Squashed questions are not included in these statistics. If you want to get more information on the asker, a click on the asker's link will take you to the asker's profile.
1.18 - What does the "Vote PRO" or "Vote non-PRO" button do?
In a "help" KudoZ question marked as PRO, participants may vote to have the question marked as non-PRO, and vice versa. Moderators and KudoZ editors have a single vote, like any other user of the site.
Non-PRO questions are those that can be answered by any bilingual person without the aid of a dictionary. All other questions are PRO. "Glossary-building" KudoZ questions are always PRO and can't be voted into non-PRO.
Three votes for either PRO or non-PRO are required to reclassify a question for the first time, and after that it will reverse its status as soon as there are more votes for the change than against it.
For instance a question asked as non-PRO will require three votes to turn it into PRO (voting 3-0). At this point the button will change to "vote non-PRO" and four votes will turn it into non-PRO (voting 4-3). After that it will take two votes to change the question again in either sense (voting 5-4, 6-5, etc.).
If you have fewer than twenty (20) KudoZ PRO points, you will not see this option.
Access to the voting feature may be limited or revoked at the discretion of ProZ.com staff.
1.19 - When posting my question I selected by mistake the wrong level (PRO, non-PRO). What can I do?
1.20 - ANTWOORDERY: Ek dink my totale punte moes vandag met méér gestyg het.
As jy 'n lid is, kan jy die stelsel dwing om jou punte intyds by te werk. Gaan na jou KudoZ-punteopsommingsbladsy en kliek "Werk punttotale nóú by". As jy 'n geregistreerde gebruiker is, sal enige teenstrydigheid in jou puntetotaal waarskynlik binne 24 uur reggestel word.
Om te kontroleer of jy vir 'n spesifieke vraag punte ontvang het, kyk die KudoZ-antwoordgeskiedenis in jou profiel.
1.21 - ANTWOORDERY: Een van my KudoZ-punttotale het verminder. Hoe is dit moontlik?
Dit is moontlik dat sekere punttotale kan verminder (algeheel, PRO, volgens veld of volgens tydperk). Faktore wat dit kan veroorsaak, is:
- 'n Vraag waarvoor jy punte verdien het, is platgedruk of gedegradeer
- 'n PRO-vraag waarvoor jy punte verdien het, is as nie-PRO herklassifiseer (wat jou PRO-totaal sal verminder en jou nie-PRO-totaal sal vermeerder)
- 'n Vraag waarvoor jy punte verdien het, is na 'n ander kundigheidveld herklassifiseer (wat jou totaal in een veld vermeerder en in 'n ander veld verminder)
- Die tyd gaan verby (wat jou puntetotaal oor die afgelope drie maande kan laat sak)
As jy spesifiek wonder oor die 8 vrae waarvoor jy gister punte verdien het, kontroleer jou profielantwoordgeskiedenis. Elkeen word saam met die punte wat jy verdien het, gewys.
1.22 - ANTWOORDERY: Hoe kan ek verander wat op my KudoZ-punteopsomming in my profielbladsy verskyn?
Gebruikers kan kies om sekere soorte KudoZ-punte uit hul opsomming te weer, en op dié bladsy: http://www.proz.com/pro/?show_mode=kudoz&sub_mode=summary
1.23 - What do the "ok" and "no" under the the "Gloss" (glossary) column in my KudoZ activity section indicate?
The "ok" indicates that a glossary entry derived from the KudoZ question has been entered into the glossary.
On the other hand, the "no" indicates that no glossary entry has been entered.
1.24 - ANTWOORDERY: EK het 'n nuwe profiel geskep. Kan ek my punte uit die vorige profiel saamvoeg?
Ja, as jy 'n lid is, kan die steundienspersoneel dit vir jou doen. Nie net jou punte nie maar jou volledige KudoZ-geskiedenis (vrae, kommentaar, notas ens) sal saamgevoeg word. Jy sal nie meer toegang tot jou ou profiel hê nie.
Om jou profiele saam te voeg, dien 'n steundiensversoek in om jou KudoZ-geskiedenis *van* 'n spesifieke profiel *na* 'n spesifieke profiel saam te voeg. Identifiseer indien moontlik die profiele volgens nommer (of die gebruikernaam as jy nie die nommers ken nie).
Skryf in jou steundiensversoek dat jy begryp dat die aksie onomkeerbaar is, en dat jy nie meer toegang tot die profiel wil hê waaruit die geskiedenis geskuif word nie.
Onthou, hierdie opsie is net vir lede.
1.25 - Hoe voorkom ek dat ProZ.com se termsoektog diakritiese tekens en aksentkarakters translitereer?
In sekere gevalle verskaf die ProZ.com-termsoektog beperkte vermoë om diakritiese tekens en aksentkarakters te translitereer ('n soektog vir die term "publica" kan byvoorbeeld resultate gee waarin "pública" ook voorkom). Om hierdie kenmerk te deaktiveer, kies die "pas presiese frase"-opsie.
1.26 - How can I enter a discussion entry?
To enter a discussion entry you should click on the "Post discussion" button. A form will show to allow you to post a title and the body of your entry. These fields are limited to 50 and 1200 characters respectively (there is a counter to tell you how many characters you have left for the main field). There is a preview option and buttons for submitting the entry and for canceling the operation.
Once your discussion entry has been entered, you will be able to edit it during the first 24 hours, or to delete it any time, by clicking on the icons displayed on the top right corner of the entry.
1.27 - Ek stel voor dat betaling vereis word om aan KudoZ deel te neem. Dit sal gehalte verhoog.
Ons het geen planne om KudoZ te beperk tot betalende lede nie. Daar is wel 'n opsie om voorkeure vir bekyking en kennisgewing só te stel dat jy net vrae van betalende lede kan sien. Wanneer jy vra, kan jy ook 'n voorkeur spesifiseer vir antwoorde van lede.
1.28 - Are KudoZ questions indexed by search engines?
Yes. As with the public forums, KudoZ questions are indexed by search engines.
Keep in mind that this can (and should) work in your favor. A series of excellent KudoZ answers, or of helpful, professional forum posts, boost your web visibility to potential clients, and may also give them a further means of evaluating you as a translator and as a professional.
1.29 - What do the time references next to the confidence level and in the peer section indicate?
They indicate the time elapsed from the moment the question was asked until the other action "answer", "peer comment" took place. The times shown are measured in relation to moment the question was asked.
1.30 - Can the asker enter in the glossary a term different from the one suggested in the selected question?
Yes. Points are (or should be) given to the most helpful answer, while the best possible term should be entered in the glossary, even if it was not suggested by the answerer who won the points.
Imagine for instance that you ask for a difficult technical term and get several similar alternatives, but one of the answers provided a very clear explanation that helped you understand the meaning of the term and its usage. Then you could pick another of the alternatives, and still consider this the most helpful answer.
It is also possible for askers to find the best term on their own and enter a term that was suggested in none of the answers provided, but still select a most helpful answer.
1.31 - A user in my sub-community regularly posts bad answers and they are sometimes selected and I am concerned that the glossary will deteriorate. Many valuable colleagues are of the same opinion and several of them have abandoned KudoZ. What can be done?
The system includes the "disagree" feature. If answers considered invalid receive several disagrees based on linguistic (not personal) comments, then the amount of "bad" answers is likely to be reduced.
1.32 - I was the first to provide the right answer to a KudoZ question and then other user provided the same answer adding few more explanations and received the points (instead of agreeing to my answer). Is this allowed?
Askers have the right to select the answers they consider most helpful to their questions.
There is nothing wrong in taking the time to provide the best possible answer, including references and explanations, even if a term has been already suggested. Limiting this right would turn KudoZ into a race to post a term with little or no explanations, and it would discourage better researched and more complete answers.
1.33 - How does the first validated answer mode work?
Askers have the option of asking questions in "first validated answer" (FVA) mode. When the FVA option is selected, instead of multiple answers being submitted and the asker selecting the one that is most helpful, the goal is for one correct translation to be agreed upon by the answerer community. An FVA question is therefore considered closed as soon as one answer gets two net agrees (in top pairs, two net agrees must come from users who meet the criteria for the question).
The effect for askers is that they can ask a question, and some time later be sent an answer that has been validated. It is considered that this option to "leave the decision to the pros" may appeal to some askers, particularly those who do not speak the target language. Various other possibilities may also be presented by this new approach.
Note that FVA questions are always not-for-points, and that they are targeted at those who work in the language pair, have expressed at least an interest in the selected field, and are native in the target language when the question is in a top pair. (However, others are not prevented from answering.)
2.1 - What constitutes "term help" as defined in rule http://www.proz.com/siterules/kudoz_general/1.1#1.1 ?
KudoZ questions can be used to ask for help on terms or idiomatic expressions.
A group of words (up to approximately 10) should be posted in a single question only when they constitute an unbreakable unit, such as an idiomatic expression (e.g. 'a jack of all trades and master of none') that may be several words long and where omitting any part would not formulate the question correctly.
Askers can also ask for help in understanding the meaning of a sentence, word order, pronunciation, a grammatical issue or the difference between two terms, but this should be done in the corresponding monolingual language pair. Monolingual KudoZ questions can be asked by selecting the same language for both source and target languages.
2.2 - What is the meaning of "one term is allowed per question" in KudoZ rule 2.1?
Unless they share a root or are otherwise related, terms should be posted separately--an asker should not ask how to say "apple" and "banana" in the same question. This means that a question such as "flotsam/jetsam/derelict" in a context of maritime law would be not valid, since the terms are independent and should posted in three separate questions. On the other hand, "the flotsam and jetsam of the inner city" would be OK, as the terms flotsam and jetsam are related in a unit of meaning. Other examples of valid KudoZ questions are: "screen / screening" (they share a root), "Many levels in this game were heavily tuned for smoothness" (terms related as a unit of meaning in a particular context).
2.3 - VRAERY: Is daar 'n beperking op die hoeveelheid vrae wat ek kan vra?
Ja. Jou daaglikse limiet (gemeet oor 'n skuiwende 24-uur-tydperk) hang af van jou lidmaatskapvlak. As jy nie geregistreer is by ProZ.com nie, kan jy een (1) vraag per dag vra. As jy 'n geregistreer is maar nie 'n lid is nie, kan jy vyf (5) vra. As jy 'n lid is, kan jy vyftien (15) vra. Daar is ook weeklikse beperkinge van 20 vrae vir geregistreerde nielede en 60 vrae vir lede.
2.4 - What happens if I ask questions beyond the daily or weekly limits?
When you ask questions beyond the limits corresponding to your membership status, these extra questions are added to the KudoZ question queue and they will be made visible automatically when enough time has elapsed for the question to be within asking limits.
When this happens you will see a message like this one:
When you click to see your queue, you will see a table like this one:
Members have higher limits and can request limit waivers via the support system.
2.5 - VRAERY: Ek versamel my termvrae tot aan die einde van 'n projek. Is daar enige manier wat ek verby die limiet kan kom?
Ons meen dat die limiet van vyftien (15) per dag voldoende vir die meeste mense is. Deur jou vrae oor die laaste twee dae van jou projek te versprei, kan jy dertig (30) vrae vra. As jy méér nodig het, en jy 'n lid is kan jy die steundienspersoneel vra om 'n tydelike vergunning te gee.
2.6 - Can I post a question in more than one language pair?
It is not possible to post a single question in different language pairs. However, several questions in different language pairs may be posted for a single term.
2.7 - VRAERY: Kan ek 'n eentalige KudoZ-vraag vra?
Ja, maar daar is nie 'n spesifieke afdeling in die KudoZ-afdeling daarvoor nie. Wat jy moet doen, as jy 'n vraag in net één taal wil vra (byvoorbeeld Engels na Engels) is om na Vra in die KudoZ-oortjie te gaan. Kliek dan op 'Kyk meer tale' in die vorm. Jy sal twee lyste sien waar jy die taal wat jy wil hê, twee keer kan kies. Op dié manier word dit dan 'n eentalige vraag.
2.8 - VRAERY: Ek is nie seker of 'n vraag as PRO of nie-PRO geklassifiseer moet word nie. Wat is die verskil?
Daar is nie 'n feillose manier om te onderskei nie, maar die volgende definisies geld vir die
twee soorte vrae:
PRO-vrae is dié watgevra word deur OF wat geskik is vir professionele
Nie-PRO-vrae is dié wat gevra word deur mense wat nie professionele vertalers is nie, en wat deur enige
tweetalige persoon beantwoord kan word sonder 'n woordeboek
Wanneer jy bogemelde definisie toepas, probeer buite jou eie agtergrond of spesialisering dink en dink aan 'n hipotetiese algemeen
tweetalige persoon. Sou daardie persoon 'n goeie vertaling vir die term of frase uit sy of haar kop kon gee? Indien wel, is dit nie 'n
Daar is 'n artikel wat dit in meer besonderhede bespreek.
2.9 - What should I do if I don't have context to include in my KudoZ question?
There is always some context to provide, such as information about the type of customer (an oil company? a plumber? a dentist? ), the type of document you are translating, the subject, etc.
Even in the extreme case of posting an item in a list there is hope. Imagine a question posted as:
Fields: Law/Patents - Other
Context: It's in a list - (sorry but) no context available.
Now with a deeper understanding of what context is and what purpose it serves, some questions may elicit useful information and, quite possibly, lead to a valid answer.
- What does the patent describe? And if it's a revolutionary ion engine for spacecraft, change the fields to Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design.
- What is the purpose of the list? There's a big difference of context between a list of engine parts and a list of tools used to assemble an engine.
- What are the adjacent items in the list? Very often lists contain related terms, and to an expert the meaning of the obscure term may well be clear when seen along with the other items.
- What is the country of origin of the text, and/or of its author? Words are often misused by non-native speakers.
- Does the overall quality of the source text suggest the problem term is 'just another typo or scanno' in a text riddled with rubbish or is it, on the contrary, a real term that's probably being used correctly.
Armed with that meaningful context we have a new question, such as:
Fields: Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design
Context: It's in a list of tools used in the assembly of spacecraft engines, mentioned in the patent for a revolutionary ion engine.
The rest of the text seems to be well-written by a native English-speaker (from a well-known manufacturing company in the UK), so I don't think it's an error in the source text.
Of course, this doesn't guarantee there will be a valid answer, but at least that will not be for "no context".
2.10 - VRAERY: Kan ek meer inligting by my vraag voeg? Kan ek dit redigeer?
Jy kan nie jou vraag redigeer nie, maar jy kan wel notas byvoeg. Daar is 'n vorm in die vraagbladsy. (As jy vergeet het waar die vraag is, kyk in die e-posbevestiging vir die skakel.)
2.11 - Can KudoZ askers direct their questions to specific site users?
Yes. When posting a KudoZ question, askers are given the option to restrict their KudoZ questions by 1) profile information (native language, language pair and field) and 2) membership status. If the asker selects the option "Only ProZ.com members may answer" when posting his/her question, the "Answer" button will not be visible to non-members and the following message will show to them:
The asker has directed this question specifically to ProZ.com users who:
... are ProZ.com members (You do not appear to be) Join ProZ.com >
If the asker specifies a restriction connected with native language, level of expertise in the specified language pair or level of expertise in the field, those that do not meet these criteria will be informed of this, but still invited to post an answer:
The asker has directed this question specifically to ProZ.com users who:
... have expressed interest in this pair (You have)
... report a "specialty" level of expertise in the subject field (You have not) [Edit]
... are native speakers of Tonga (Nya) or Nzima (You have not reported that you are) [Edit]
Although you do not meet the criteria, you may suggest a translation if you like
2.12 - VRAERY: Kan ek my vraag stuur net aan sekere mense wat ek ken?
Jy kan dit doen as jy 'n (betalende) ProZ.com-lid is.
2.13 - VRAERY: Hoekom sou ek 'n vraag wou beperk tot sekere mense?
Heelwat KudoZ-antwoorders weet watter ProZ.com-lede in sekere gebiede spesialiseer. Vir gegewe terme verkies hulle dus om direk vir daardie kundiges te vra. Deur die via KudoZ te doen, is die proses meer gestandaardiseer en meer gerieflik, en dit verseker dat 'n soekbare rekord van vertalings aangebied word.
2.14 - VRAERY: Hoekom sou ek toegang tot 'n vraag tot sekere klasse lede wou beperk?
Soms wil vraers terugvoer van spesifieke groepe hê, byvoorbeeld moedertaalsprekers, of dié wat in 'n spesifieke veld werk, of ander klassie ProZ.com-lede. Dit is dus moontlik om aan hierdie voorkeur gehoor te gee.
2.15 - VRAERY: As ek 'n vraag privaat vra, met ander woorde, as ek dit tot een van my spanne beperk, sal dit aan ander gewys word? Sal dit in die argiewe deursoek kan word?
As jy 'n lid is, kan jy kies om die term vir ewig privaat te hou. As jy 'n geregistreerde lid is, kan jy kies om die term vir een maand privaat te hou, maar daarna word dit publiek en soekbaar.
Belangrike nota: KudoZ gebruik nie die tipe sekuriteit wat banke gebruik nie, selfs nie eens vir private vrae nie. Moet nooit sensitiewe terme op KudoZ pos nie, selfs nie eens met die privaatheidopsies nie.
2.16 - I see a "squash" button under a KudoZ question I have posted, what does that mean?
If you have posted a KudoZ term help question and it has not received an answer, you will have the option to "squash" or remove the question until it receives at least one answer. This allows users to remove mistakenly-posted questions without the assistance of a moderator or KudoZ editor.
2.17 - VRAERY: Hoe kan ek KudoZ-antwoorders bedank sonder om te gradeer of af te wys?
Jy kan op die naam van die persoon kliek en vir hulle skryf via die profielbladsy. Dit maak dat 'n e-pos gestuur word.
Jy moet liewers ook die URL van die KudoZ-vraag byvoeg.
2.18 - VRAERY: Hoe gradeer ek my KudoZ-vraag?
Om jou KudoZ-vraag te gradeer, moet jy die skakel kliek wat lees "Kies hierdie antwoord as die nuttigste" en wel binne-in die antwoordblokkie van die antwoord wat die nuttigste was. Sodra jy op die "Kies hierdie antwoord as die nuttigste"-skakel kliek, sal 'n venstertjie opspring waarin jy jou KudoZ-punte toeken en die KudoZ-term in jou woordelys of die KudoZ- ope woordelys (KOG), of beide, voeg.
2.19 - I did not enter the term to the KOG at the time I graded my question, but I would like to enter it now. How can I do that?
Simply click on the "gloss" button below the "Summary of answers provided" chart.
2.20 - Can I grade my question less than 24 hours after posting it?
KudoZ rule 2.10 recommends that askers allow at least twenty-four (24) hours to pass before closing a question.
To select the most helpful answer, the asker clicks on the link in the selected answer:
If less than 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the following window will open:
If the asker chooses to wait until 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the question will remain open and it will be graded normally by the asker.
If, on the other hand, the asker chooses to select the most helpful answer at this time, a new window will open to allow them to enter their preferences:
This window will allow the asker to select the most helpful answer, to assign points to it and to post a grading comment. The asker also has the option to select and edit a glossary entry associated with this answer.
If the asker does not select a glossary entry, the following message will be displayed:
If the asker makes a glossary entry, the message will include the following information:
Once this form is submitted, the question will remain open and new answers and peer comments can be added. About 72 hours after this submission, the system will grade the question in accordance with the following criteria:
a) If none of the answers has a net peer grading (agrees minus disagrees) of 2 or more, then the option selected by the asker will be used.
b) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and one of the answers has a net peer grading higher than the others, then this answer will be selected.
c) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and two or more answers share the same top peer grading, the answer posted last will be selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.
If the answer selected by the asker was chosen due to lack of votes or because the community voted for it, the amount of points, grading comment and (if entered) glossary entry selected by the asker will be chosen. If the asker did not make a glossary entry, one will be created automatically using the asked term and the suggested term.
If a different answer from the one selected by the asker was chosen by the community, 4 points will be assigned to this answer and a glossary entry will be created using the asked term and the suggested term.
After grading, the question will show the following message:
2.21 - VRAERY: Ek het my KudoZ-bevestigingskakel verloor; hoe kan ek my KudoZ-vraag gradeer?
As jy die e-pos met jou KudoZ-bevestigingskakel verloor het, kan jy nog een kry deur die steundiens deur die aanlyn steundienskaartjiestelsel te kontak, of 'n moderator te kontak wat vir jou die skakel na jou e-posadres kan stuur. Onthou, dis belangrik dat jy die KudoZ-URL van jou vraag ook stuur wanneer jy vir nóg 'n bevestiging vra.
As jy nie die KudoZ-URL kan onthou nie, en jy nie aangemeld was toe jy die vraag gevra het nie, sal jy die steundiens moet kontak om die vraag vir jou te gradeer.
2.22 - VRAERY: Kan ek aan meer as een antwoord punte toeken?
Nee, jy kan net een antwoord as die "nuttigste" kies. (Antwoorders kry later ewe veel punte.)
2.23 - Ek het 'n vraag gesluit sonder om die beste antwoord te kies. Kan ek nou die vraag heropen?
Ja. Dien 'n steundienskaartjie in.
2.24 - VRAERY: Hoe kan ek 'n KudoZ-vraag sluit wat ek gevra het wat nog nie beantwoord is nie?
Op jou vraagbladsy, kliek die 'Gradeer'-knoppie. Dit sal jou na die volgende bladsy neem, waar jy die 'Sluit sonder om te gradeer'-knoppie moet kliek. (krediet: Mikhail Kropotov)
2.25 - VRAERY: Hoe kan ek ophou per e-pos daaraan herinner word om my vrae te gradeer?
Vraers word per e-pos daaraan herinner om oop KudoZ-vrae met moontlik geskikte antwoorde te gradeer nadat 5, 7, 9 en 11 dae verloop het ná die vraag gevra is.
Om op te hou om só herinner te word, moet die vraer een van die volgende doen:
- Kies die nuttigste antwoord
- Sluit die vraag sonder om 'n antwoord te kies (kliek die "Sluit sonder om te gradeer"-knoppie)
- Wys alle huidige antwoorde af, maar laat die vraag oop vir toekomstige antwoorde. Om dit te doen, kliek "]Geen van die antwoorde is geskik nie; moenie my herinner om een te kies nie]" bo-aan die lys antwoorde.
2.26 - Wat is die kriteria vir die hoeveelheid punte (1-4) wat ek moet toeken vir die gekose antwoord?
Wanneer jy besluit hoeveel punte om toe te ken, oorweeg die volgende skaal as 'n riglyn:
4: Die antwoord was aanvaarbaar, die verduideliking was goed, en verwysing is verskaf (of dit was nie nodig nie)
3: Die antwoord was aanvaarbaar, en die verduideliking was goed, maar daar was geen verwysing nie
2: Die antwoord was aanvaarbaar
1: Die antwoord was ietwat nuttig
2.27 - Points were awarded to an answer to my question but I would like to select another answer instead. How can I un-grade my question?
To un-grade a question you have asked in order to award the points to the answer you found most helpful, you will need to first obtain the agreement of the answerer to whom the points have been given. Both you and the answerer should express this agreement either to the assigned moderator(s), or via support request.
2.28 - I have included confidential information in a question. Can I have it removed?
If you posted a KudoZ question that contains confidential information, please submit a support request, specifying the exact information you would like to have remove so that staff can remove this information for you.
3.1 - ANTWOORDERY: Ek kan nie 'n KudoZ-vraag sien nie. Wat kan ek doen?
Stuur asseblief die URL en 'n skermkiekie van die bladsy aan support by proz.com!
3.2 - ANTWOORDERY: Wanneer ek vir vrae soek van nét lede, sien ek iets vreemds.
As jy die net-lede-opsie kies (wat beskikbaar is by "vraertipe" op die KudoZ-lysbladsy by http://www.proz.com/kudoz ) sal die vrae wat jy sien, beperk word tot dié wat gebruikers gevra het op die tydstip toe hulle lede was. Aangesien die lidmaatskapkategorie van vraers maar onlangs begin aangeteken is, sal die hoeveelheid resultate klein wees. Die feit dat daar verskeie vorms lidmaatskap is (volledig, gedeeltelik) en die feit dat sommige lidmaatskappe verval, kan die indruk laat skep dat iets fout is.
3.3 - As die antwoord gesluit is en punte toegeken is, kan ek dit nog beantwoord?
Sodra punte toegeken is, word die vraag gesluit, maar selfs al is dit gesluit, kan jy dit nog beantwoord.
Die logika is dat ons jou wil toelaat om so veel help as moontlik aan die vraer te gee, al het hy of sy reeds besluit dat hy of sy die beste antwoord op sy of haar vraag ontvang het.
3.4 - Can I edit the answer I've given to a KudoZ question?
No. Editing an answer would be unfair to other answerers. You might consider adding a comment to your answer. In some cases, a wrong answer can be hidden by the answerer and the correct answer posted in its place.
3.5 - ANTWOORDERY: Hoekom verskyn die woord "Verskuil" in my antwoordkassies?
Jy kan jou eie antwoorde verskuil. Dis 'n manier om antwoorde in te trek.
3.6 - ANTWOORDERY: Hoe kan ek 'n antwoord weer wys wat ek verskuil het?
Antwoorde wat onsigbaar gemaak is, kan nie weer sigbaar gemaak word nie. Jy moet net die "Verskuil antwoord"-skakel gebruik as jy meen dat jou antwoord permanent verskuil moet word.
3.7 - If I hide my answer and submit a new one, is this against site rules for answering?
Posting multiple answers in systematic way is out of line with rule http://www.proz.com/siterules/kudoz_answ/3.3#3.3 (hidden answers are included in this count).
Hiding an answer with disagrees and re-posting the same answer (thus "cleaning" the negative peer comments) would be out of line with rule http://www.proz.com/siterules/general/2#2 .
Hiding a wrong answer (even with disagrees) and posting a different one is valid, provided it is not done in a systematic way.
3.8 - Will my hidden answers be visible in my list of answers?
You will always be able to see the answers you have hidden in your list of KudoZ answers. Other users will only see your hidden answers if you have hidden 10% or more of your total answers (but no less than 20 answers).
Hidden answers will figure under the Answered tab in the KudoZ activity section of profiles, with the link to the question, but with "Answer hidden by answerer" instead of the source and target term.
They will also be added to the total count of Questions answered (shown on the main page of profiles) and in the statistics found in the KudoZ activity section.
3.9 - What is the meaning of "no more than one answer per question" in KudoZ rule 3.1?
Submitting an answer to a KudoZ question and then submitting one or more additional answers to the same question is discouraged (even if the original answer was hidden) and doing this in a systematic way is forbidden by the rules. Answerers can add as many comments as they want to their answers. Offering several terms together in the same answer (ANSWER1/ANSWER2/ANSWER3) is not forbidden, but discouraged, as it interferes with the glossary format.
3.10 - ANTWOORDERY: Wat beteken dit wanneer 'n vraag as "Nie vir punte" gemerk is?
Sommige gebruikers meen dat die toeken van KudoZ-punte die KudoZ-ervaring benadeel. Dit is vir sulke gebruikers moontlik om 'n vraag "nie vir punte" te maak wanneer hulle vra. KudoZ-punte kan dus nie verdien word deur sulke vrae te beantwoord nie.
3.11 - ANTWOORDERY: As ek "nie vir punte"-vrae beantwoord, sal hulle in die KudoZ-geskiedenis van my profielbladsy verskyn?
Ja. Sulke vrae word met 'n kleur gemerk wat wys dat die punte nie beskikbaar is nie.
3.12 - ANTWOORDERY: Verbeter die beantwoording van "nie vir punte"-vrae my posisie in die KudoZ-leierbord of ProZ.com-vertalergids?
Nee. Die voordele om "nie vir punte"-vrae te beantwoord, is nie tegnies nie; die voordele is indirek (leer, help, netwerking,ens).
3.13 - What does Confidence level show?
Confidence level is the degree of certainty expressed by an answerer regarding his or her own answer. This information is provided by an answerer in the Kudoz Answer form. Confidence level is a required field and an answerer is suggested to select one of the 5 (five) possible confidence levels:
Highest - I am sure
Lowest - I am guessing
3.14 - I don't know the answer to a KudoZ question, but I have some information that could help the asker. Where should I post this information?
If you cannot think of an appropriate answer to a KudoZ question, but you have information that may help the asker or other participants to come up with a good translation, make a reference post by clicking on "Post reference" and include such relevant information.
Note: Reference posts cannot be selected as most helpful and so no points cannot be awarded to reference posters.
3.15 - I do not see the "Post reference" button in a KudoZ question. Why?
Once you posted a Kudoz answer, you will not be able to post a reference. It is assumed that you put all the information in your Kudoz answer. This makes your answer a more useful resource, and ensures all the information is kept in one place.
It is possible to post a reference and then an answer, but not possible to post an answer first and then a reference.
3.16 - Under what conditions can an answerer use the discussion entries feature?
Answerers can use the discussion entry to ask the asker for context information or to engage in linguistic discussions of some points of the question asked. In general, opinions on other answers should be provided in the peer grading interface while additional comments supporting their answers should be presented as comments in the answers themselves. Systematic use of the discussion entry to promote an answer provided will not be allowed.
3.17 - How can I avoid answering questions from askers who tend to close their questions without grading them?
You can see how many questions an asker has closed without grading by mousing over their name in a KudoZ question they have asked. (There is also an option to filter out questions from certain askers in the lists of questions.)
4.1 - ANTWOORDERY: Kan ek met meer as een antwoord op 'n vraag saamstem?
Ja. Ons moedig jou aan om saam te stem met so veel antwoorde as wat jy as korrek beskou, en nie saam te stem nie met soveel antwoorde wat jy as verkeerd beskou.
4.2 - ANTWOORDERY: Wat gebeur wanneer iemand nie met 'n antwoord saamstem nie?
Om nie saam te stem nie, is bloot 'n aanduiding aan die persoon wat die vraag gevra het dat jy (en dalk andere) van mening is dat die antwoord nie korrek is nie, en die vraer het dan die opsie om die voorstel te aanvaar of nie.
Die enigste "meganiese" uitwerking hiervan is dat die indien die vraag outogradeer word, 'n niesaamstem daarteen tel dat die vraag gekies word.
4.3 - ANTWOORDERY: Ek het 'n kommentaar ingetik en wil antwoord op die antwoord wat ek gekry het. Is dit moontlik?
Nee. Om te voorkom dat KudoZ-gespreksdrade handuit ruk, word heen en weer gesprekke nie vir elke vraag toegelaat nie. 'n Eweknie kan kommentaar lewe en die vraer kan antwoord, maar die kommunikasie eindig daar. (Die vermoë in kommentaar en antwoorde daarop te redigeer, word eintlik gegee om spelling reg te maak, gebroke skakels reg te maak, of soortgelyke wysigings te maak.) Maak seker dat jou punt duidelik en konsekwent is; jy het net één kans.
4.4 - Ek sien 'n skakel om my kommentaar te "redigeer/skrap". Waarvoor is dit?
Die "redigeer/skrap"-skakel maak dit vir jou moontlik om jou kommentaar te redigeer. Hierdie vermoë word eintlik gegee om spelling reg te maak, gebroke skakels reg te maak, of soortgelyke wysigings te maak.
4.5 - Can I comment on an answerer's confidence level in my peer comment?
No. Peer comments should be purely linguistic in nature (see KudoZ rule 3.5). Making comments or insinuations regarding an answerer's confidence level would not be in line with KudoZ rule 3.7.
5.1 - ANTWOORDERY: Ek sien sommige gebruikers (nie moderators nie) herklassifiseer of verwyder ander se vrae. Hoe word sulke lede aangewys?
Moderators kan lede of geregistreerde lede wat ten minste 500 KudoZ-punte het, nooi die riglyne te lees oor hoe om vrae te herklassifiseer of plat te druk, en dan 'n kort toets te doen. Mense wat die toets slaag, kry die reg om só te redigeer.
5.2 - Is site moderation one of the responsibilities of KudoZ editors?
No. KudoZ editors are site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions, namely the change or reversion of KudoZ question language pairs, the removal of questions if these are not in line with site rules or if they are duplicated, and the change of KudoZ question fields.
Moderators are site members who have volunteered to foster and protect the positive, results-oriented atmosphere that makes ProZ.com possible by greeting and guiding new participants in KudoZ and enforcing site rules in a consistent and structured manner.
In no way are KudoZ editors entitled or expected to act as site moderators. KudoZ editors, just as site members, are required to contact staff or moderators to report any form of abuse.
5.3 - ANTWOORDERY: 'n Opsie het verskyn wat my toelaat om ander mense se vrae te redigeer. Hoekom?
Wanneer jy 'n sekere getal KudoZ-punte (100 of 500) bereik, verskyn sekere opsies om korreksies te maak aan vrae wat deur ander gevra is. As vraag Spaans-Engels moet wees, maar is gelys in Engels-Spaans, kan jy dit byvoorbeeld korrigeer.
5.4 - I would like to apply to become a KudoZ editor. Can I?
No, it is not possible to submit an application to become a KudoZ editor, an invitation has to be issued by a moderator or site staff.
5.5 - Can KudoZ editors reclassify a question form PRO into non-PRO and vice versa?
No, KudoZ editors and moderators will have to vote like any other member for the change of status of questions (instead of forcing this change of status.)
5.6 - Does membership determine someone's eligibility to become a KudoZ editor?
No, eligibility is not determined by membership status.
6.1 - ANTWOORDERY: Ek kry nie enige KudoZ-kennisgewings oor e-pos nie.
As jy géén KudoZ-kennisgewings kry nie, en dit nog nooit gekry het nie, kontroleer die instellings op jou profielbladsy. Jy sal nie enige kennisgewings kry nie as:
- jy geen taalpare ingetik het nie
- jy geen kundigheidvelde ingetik nie
- jy nie KudoZ-kennisgewings in jou e-posvoorkeure gekies het nie.
As jy wel kennisgewings ontvang het, en dan sonder dat jy iets verander het, skielik nie meer ontvang nie, kan daar verskeie oorsake wees:
- vorige boodskappe aan jou, het gebons, en jou e-posadres is as sleg gekategoriseer (kontroleer diepersoonlike datain jou profielbladsy; die karakters 'xxx ' sal vooraan jou e-posadres gevoeg gewees het
- daar is dalk 'n probleem met ProZ.com se e-poskennisgewings. (Kontroleer die werfstatus-bladsy vir inligting)
- jy of jou ISP het filtering bygevoeg of verander, en daardie filtering voorkom dat jy kennisgewings ontvang (daar is byvoorbeeld probleme met terra.es)
As jy bogemelde gekontroleer het, en nie die probleem kan opspoor nie, tik 'n steundiensversoek in met 'n skakel na ten minste een vraag waaroor jy kennisgewing moes ontvang het.
6.2 - ANTWOORDERY: Ek kry nie al die KudoZ-kennisgewings wat ek moet kry nie.
Wanneer e-poskennisgewings vir KudoZ-vrae uitgaan, word onder andere die volgende in ag geneem: taalpaar, vakgebied en moeilikheidsgraad. As jy nie e-poskennisgewing van 'n vraag ontvang het nie, maak seker jou profiel en e-posvoorkeure is só dat jy dit wel sou ontvang het. As jy oortuig is dat hulle korrek is, dien asseblief 'n steundiensversoekin, en sluit die URL('e) van een of meer KudoZ-vrae in waarvoor jy kennisgewing sou moes ontvang het. ProZ.com-personeel sal dan kyk of die kennisgewing-e-pos aan jou wel die ProZ.com-bediener verlaat het. (As dit wel die geval is, kan daar dalk 'n probleem wees, of dalk filter jou ISP of jou plaaslike rekenaar die boodskappe.)
6.3 - ANTWOORDERY: Ek kry te veel KudoZ-kennisgewings per e-pos
Om die volume KudoZ-kennisgewings wat jy per e-pos ontvang, te verminder, kies gerus minder vakgebiede in jou KudoZ-kennisgewingvoorkeure. Om op te hou om enige KudoZ-kennisgewings te kry, kies net die 'Nee'-opsie in die eerste vraag op die KudoZ-beheerpaneel.
6.4 - ANTWOORDERY: Soms kry ek e-posse oor vrae wat ek nie op die werf kan sien nie, en soms sien ek vrae wat nog nie ge-e-pos is nie...
Voorkeure vir e-pos en vir bekyking word apart gestel. E-posvoorkeure word op jou beheerpaneel gestel, by http://www.proz.com/dashboard, en bekykvoorkeure word op die KudoZ-lysbladsy gestel, by http://www.proz.com/kudoz
6.5 - ANTWOORDERY: Wat is 'n daaglikse opsomming?
Dit is 'n boodskap wat 'n kort opsomming bevat van die vrae wat dié dag gevra is, asook 'n kort lys van enige antwoorde op daardie vrae tot dusver.
6.6 - ANTWOORDERY: Hoe kry ek KudoZ-kennisgewings van my span?
Enige lede van jou span kan 'n KudoZ-vraag aan die span privaat vra. Om kennisgewings van hierdie soorte vrae te kry, hoef jy net jou kennisgewings aan te skakel en die taalpaar in jou gelyste werkende of belangstellingspare te kies.
6.7 - Can I track a particular KudoZ question?
Yes. If you are a paying member you can track any KudoZ question. For each question you will see a track setting box in the left navigation column of the page which looks like this:
When you check this box and click on save, you will receive a notification each time a reference post or an answer is posted.
Also, there is a selection box in the discussion area that allows the tracking of the discussion entries of a particular question:
When you select the "track question" box, the "track discussion" will also be selected. You can then de-select any of them independently.
When you post a reference comment, an answer or a discussion entry, the "track discussion" box is selected. If you de-select it once it will no longer be automatically selected again in this question.
6.8 - How can I get notifications when a certain person asks a KudoZ question?
In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user asks a KudoZ question you have to "flag" this asker as follows:
In your top drop-down menu select KudoZ -> Dashboard
On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"
This is the box used for flagging askers. In this case no asker has been flagged yet:
To flag an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Flag asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search" to open a search tool:
In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:
Once the asker was flagged, it will look like this in your dashboard page:
And it will look like this when the flagged asker posts a question:
Notification will be sent to you of flagged askers' questions, even when they do not match your notification settings.
6.9 - I don't want notifications of a particular person's questions-- what can I do?
If you become convinced that a certain member is not likely to ask questions that are of interest to you, you may opt to "filter" that member's questions (regardless of your notification settings.)
To do so you should select KudoZ -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu:
On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"
This is the box used for filtering askers. In this case no asker has been filtered yet:
To filter an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Filter asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search answerers" to open a search tool:
In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:
Once the asker was filtered, it will look like this in your dashboard page:
And it will look like this when the filtered asker posts a question:
Notification will NOT be sent to you of filtered askers' questions, even when they do match your notification settings. Also, these questions will not be shown to you when you select KudoZ - Answer questions, even when they match your selection criteria.
6.10 - How can I get notifications when a certain user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment?
In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment you have get this user's authorization to track his/her answers. To do so:
In your top drop-down menu select My ProZ.com -> Dashboard
In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"
In the answerer tracking page you can click on "Search for answerer" and enter the corresponding information on name, username of profile number and then click on "Search" and on the found profile name.
At this point the dashboard will show the corresponding profile number and username. You may send a personalized message before sending the request by means of the "track answerer" button.
You can also start this procedure by clicking on the "track this answerer" in an answer or reference comment posted by this user:
After submitting the request, the dashboard will record it as pending:
While the request is pending, you will see a special message in each answer or reference comment posted by this user:
Once your request was accepted, the dashboard will show the following indication:
If you want to stop tracking this user, click on "remove".
You will also see the following in each answer or reference comment posted by the user you are tracking:
You will receive a notification each time this user posts an answer or a reference comment.
6.11 - What are my options for the KudoZ tracking feature?
There are three basic conditions that you can configure selecting My ProZ.com -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :
In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"
In the box "Who can track you" on the right side of the dashboard you can select the following options:
* Allow anyone to track my answers: requests will be automatically approved.
* Ask me for permission on a case-by-case basis: you will be asked each time a request is received.
* Do not allow anyone to track my answers: all requests will be automatically rejected
6.12 - A user asked for authorization to track my KudoZ answers. Why would someone want to do this?
While the motives could be different for each user, two likely reasons to do so would be (a) to learn from someone who is good in a certain field of expertise or (b) to evaluate a translator for possible future collaborations. Remember that you can revoke the right to track your answers at any time.
6.13 - A site user would like to track my answers, what should I do?
To work on your answer tracking options, select My ProZ.com -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :
In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"
On this page you will see the notification that you have a pending request to be tracked by a colleague and, on the right side, the identity and message from the colleague willing who sent the request:
This right side panel allows you to approve or decline the request. If you chose to approve it you will be asked for a confirmation:
Note that you can at this point select the option "Allow anyone else who wants to track my answers to do so as well", so that further requests will be automatically approved.
Once you approved one or more users for tracking your answers, you will find them at the table of colleagues tracking you:
This panel allows you to revoke individually the permission to track your answers granted to any of those colleagues.
6.14 - How can I be notified of KudoZ questions in other language pairs?
To be notified of questions asked in language pairs you do not want to list as working language pairs in your profile, just report the language pairs in question as interest language pairs.
To do so, go to your Profile Updater and report your 'non-working' language pairs in the Languages section.
Once reported, click on Edit next to each language pair just added and select I only have an interest in this pair, do not show it in my profile. Remember to save all the changes you apply.
Finally, go to your KudoZ dashboard and set your KudoZ notifications preferences for these language pairs as you have done for your working language pairs.
6.15 - I want to get Kudoz notifications for opposite language pairs to my working languages.
3.1 - What is the purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?
The primary purpose of this new question type is to enable the ProZ.com community to together find the best translation of a given term into a given language, and to incorporate the term and its translation into an authoritative glossary which will be made available openly under the Creative Commons "by" license ("CC-by").
A secondary purpose of the new format is to provide opportunities for KudoZ participation (along with the associated benefits of networking, learning and professional differentiation), in pairs and fields in which few questions are currently asked.
3.2 - How do glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) work?
A glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) 'transaction' involves three steps:
(1) Posting: A term is posted by an authorized person for translation into one or more pairs. A definition and one or more example sentences are included with the question. Notification of the GBK-type question is sent to interested and qualified site users.
(2) "Speciality" stage: During the 72 hours following the posting, qualified parties are able to suggest translations including terms, definitions, example sentences and optionally references. These parties will also be able to post peer comments and grading on the answers provided.
(3) At the end of the submission period the system will attempt to close the question. If successful, a notification will be sent to the person who posted the selected answer, 4 points will be assigned to that answer (unless the question was posted as not-for-points) and a glossary entry will be created and stored. If closing proves impossible, notifications will be sent to all interested and qualified parties and a "working" phase will last until the peer-grading received allows for the closure of the question.
3.3 - Who can participate in the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?
Participation in a GBK question, including answering, posting references and grading, is limited during the first 72 hours to site users who (1) Have the corresponding field(s) of expertise among their "speciality" fields. (2) Have the corresponding language pair or the reverse pair among their working ones. (3) Are native in either source or target languages.
During the "working" phase (questions still open after the first 72-hours period) participation is extended to site users who satisfy the language pair and native language criteria and have the field of expertise among their working ones.
All users can post discussion entries.
3.4 - Why is the participation limited in glossary-building KudoZ?
The purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ is to coordinate the efforts of willing members of the ProZ.com community in building up an authoritative glossary of terms and their translations in many languages and fields. With a focus on the quality of the resulting glossary entries and ample time for submission and selection of answers, it was decided to limit participation to specialists in the field and language pair.
3.5 - Why are these limitations not applied to "help term" KudoZ as well?
The main goal of "term help" KudoZ is to provide those in need of translation assistance with access to timely help. Therefore the access is open to allow the participation of anybody willing and able to help. The asker selects the most helpful among the responses received (and awards points for it).
3.6 - What are the additional fields of expertise?
A GBK has a main field of expertise and may have one or more additional fields of expertise. These additional field are also included in the filter (notifications and access to the question).
For instance a question with primary field "telecommunications" may also be related to "computers: software" and to "Computers: systems, networks"
This will be only related to notifications and access (and in the future to searches in the glossary). The corresponding KudoZ points will be assigned to the primary field.
The additional fields are included in the GBK term searches.
3.7 - I added in my profile the specialty field needed to answer a GBK question but I still can't answer it.
Users who adds a new "specialty" field of expertise to their profiles will not be provided access to GBK filtered by this particular field for 72 hours after implementing this change. This aims to preventing users from modifying their profiles in order to "follow" the specialties requested in the questions.
This restriction will not apply to profiles created less than a month ago.
3.8 - How are GBK questions graded?
At the end of the 72-hours submission phase (and periodically if the question entered in a selection phase) an 'auto-grading robot' makes its selection based on the net number of peer 'agrees' received by each answer, according to the following rules:
* To be considered, an answer must have at least two "net agrees" (agrees minus disagrees).
* The answer with the highest number of net agrees is selected.
* If two answers have the same number of net agrees, the one posted by the answerer with the corresponding language pair ranked higher is selected.
* If still undecided, the alternative entered latest is selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.
3.9 - The submission period for a GBK question has ended and the question is still open. Can I still submit a translation?
Yes. Answers can be posted during the "working" period, or even after the question has been closed.
3.10 - Can I provide more than one answer as different options when answering a GBK question?
Answerers in GBK can provide more than one answer to the same term, as this is the proper way to offer synonyms. In this case the example sentence(s) should include the term offered in each answer.
3.11 - Can I post more than one term in my answer to a GBK question?
No. Even if you know two or more different terms to answer a GBK question you should provide only one of them in your answer, the one used in the example sentence(s).
If you know synonyms or other possible interpretations of the term asked besides the one you already offered in your answer, you can provide additional answer(s), each containing just a term, and with definition and example sentences related to that term.
3.12 - Is it OK to to answer a GBK question suggesting the same term already offered in another answer?
Yes. A GBK answer includes a term, a definition and at least one example sentence. The term is only a part of the answer, and it could happen that the second answer offering the same term includes, for instance, a better definition.
Time should not play such a central role in GBK, where a better answer should be more relevant than a faster one.
3.13 - I want (or do not want) to receive notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?
You should un-check (check) the option "Ignore glossary-building questions " and click on "Save settings" in the KudoZ dashboard.
3.14 - I want to receive only notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?
You should select the option Asker type = "Glossary-building questions " in the KudoZ dashboard.
3.15 - How are the GBK questions created?
"Glossary-building KudoZ concepts" are selected from current KudoZ entries or from other sources, and are edited to make sure they have the proper terms, definitions and examples of use. This is currently being done in English, but other languages could be added later.
This is being currently done by site staff, but in the future this task will be performed by site members who will be part of a "GBK (Glossary-building KudoZ) team".
3.16 - There is no "neutral" option in the peer comments. How can I leave a comment to the answerer?
If you are allowed to provide a peer-comment, then you should be able to post a note to the answerer by using the link provided at the bottom of the answer.
The messages posted will be visible above the voting area of the question:
3.17 - What is the "Glossary-building KudoZ questions" box displayed in the home page? Can I customize what I see there?
Users who meet the criteria to answer GBK questions and have a minimum of 5 or 10 open questions available to answer (selectable) will be presented with a box displaying a randomly selected open question.
Like many other home page features, users can select not to see this box, or customize its position by clicking the "customize" link on the feature or selecting
"My ProZ.com" -> "My settings" -> "Site settings"
To add a new glossary to the My glossary section, just click on 'Enter terms' and complete the entry addition form. Note that in order to create a new glossary at least one term must be entered (and from this term the glossary will be created). If no glossary name is specified in the entry addition form, then the term will be added to your glossary but not to a specific one (i.e. no new glossary will be generated).
4.2 - How do I add a term to a glossary?
1. Go to your Profile
2. Select "Enter Terms" under the Glossary heading (left column of Profile)
4.3 - How do I upload an existing glossary?
Only plain text, standard format glossary can be uploaded. Word documents, RTF files, or any format other than plain text will not work. The maximum allowed file size is 2MB. If you have a glossary file larger than 2MB, please break it up into smaller pieces.
Note: Glossaries should be in the form:
source termtarget termNotesURL
(Notes and URL are optional.)
1. Go to your profile
2. Click on your name
3. Select "Enter Terms" under Glossary
4. Select "Upload your glossaries!" located at the bottom of the page.
4.4 - How do I edit a glossary or an existing term?
Note that these instructions apply only to terms in your personal glossaries. Terms in the site-wide KudoZ glossary can only be edited by a moderator. If you want to suggest a change to a term in the site-wide glossary, you can contact the appropriate moderator using the moderator list.
To edit an existing term:
1. Go to My Proz.com
2. Click on My Glossary
3. Click on the name of the glossary where the term is
4. Click the term in question
5. Click the 'Edit or add info to this term' at the bottom of the page
6. Edit the existing information or add new information, and click the "Enter" button to save your changes
To edit the name of a glossary:
1. Go to My Proz.com
2. Click on My Glossary
3. Click on the [Rename] link, next to the glossary you want to edit
4.5 - How can I rename a ProZ.com personal glossary?
In the new site menu the "My glossary" section can be found if you mouseover your site name at the top of the screen and selecting the "My glossary" section under the "More" section of the drop down menu being displayed.
If you are using the old site menu to rename a glossary you should:
1. Go to My Proz.com
2. Click on My Glossary
3. Click on the [Rename] link, next to the glossary you want to edit.
4.6 - Can I transfer my ProZ.com glossaries to my computer and/or print them?
No, for the time being it is not possible to download or print your ProZ.com glossaries.
4.7 - How do I move a term from one glossary to another?
1. Go to your Profile page
2. Click the name of the glossary where the term is
3. Click the term in question
4. Click the 'Edit or add info to this term' at the bottom of the page.
5. There will now be a drop down list 'Your Glossary' that will allow you to change which glossary the term belongs to. You may move it to another glossary, or create a new glossary that the term will be added to.
4.8 - How can I merge my glossaries?
Please submit a support request informing which glossaries should be merged.
4.9 - How can I send/receive glossaries through my profile?
You can send and/or receive glossary files using the Send file (beta)... tool in profiles.
You will find more information about the Send file (beta)... option here.
4.10 - How can I remove an existing glossary?
To remove a glossary you have created from the My glossary section, just click on "[Delete]" next to the glossary name in the "Glossaries" box at the top of the glossaries page. A message will show asking you to confirm the removal. Just click on 'Yes' so that your glossary is removed.
4.11 - I cannot find my ProZ.com glossary at ProZ.com user glossaries page. What should I do?
Please submit a support request, reporting the name of your glossary and the field you had selected for it. You may also specify the page used to add terms to your glossary in the support request.
4.12 - Can I create a trilingual glossary?
There is no such possibility. Only bilingual glossaries are possible.
GlossPost is a searchable database of links to glossaries on the Internet. It has been compiled by members of ProZ.com and the YahooGroup of the same name created in February 2000 by Brazilian translator and conference interpreter Maria Eugenia Farre. The database is maintained by a group of volunteer moderators, however any ProZ.com member can search the database or submit new glossary URLs.
5.2 - What are the goals driving GlossPost at ProZ.com?
We have three main goals:
- To create an online terminology resource with searching capabilities specifically designed for the needs of translators.
- To enlarge the database by benefiting from the collaborative spirit of ProZ.com users.
- To ensure the accessibility of GlossPost and honor the commitment of providing a free and useful resource for translators across the globe.
5.3 - What are the possibilities created by the collaboration between GlossPost and ProZ.com?
In brief: creating a larger database of glossary URLs, with addresses in more language combinations, annotated by translators. Since its inception, GlossPost has attracted mostly translators specializing in Western languages. Since ProZ.com is a huge multilingual community with active participants across the whole linguistic spectrum, we hope that translators of other languages will also feel compelled to add links to the glossaries they use in their daily work to the benefit of all.
We also hope to contribute with the expertise acquired in moderating GlossPost to make the new site a useful and efficient online terminology resource.
5.4 - How many links from the original GlossPost archives have been included?
At launch, approximately 1,600 links from the archives have been included automatically. This doesn't cover the entire GlossPost original database, but there are plans to import more links in the future, as time permits.
5.5 - Will the links in the GlossPost database at ProZ.com be checked to prevent dead pages and repeat URLs?
In our new home at ProZ.com, we want to address all the concerns and issues that affected GlossPost subscribers in the past. Link rot is one of them, and we are not the only sufferers. The GlossPost URLs at ProZ.com will be checked periodically using an automated function to make sure that the database remains as current as possible. Also, manual editing of the URLs has been made possible. Links can be checked and marked good or bad, made invisible or visible to other users by the users themselves and also by the moderators. Incomplete entries can be supplemented by addition information from other users.
5.6 - What are the searching capabilities included in the GlossPost database at ProZ.com?
The searching capabilities have been greatly improved. At the new database, users will be able to browse the glossary URLs, search by keyword, language combination, discipline or BSO category. For obvious reasons, the ability to search by language combination was one of the most common requests received from GlossPost subscribers. A feature enabling automated announcements of glossary URLs in the language combinations specified by ProZ.com users is also being studied.
5.7 - How can I contribute to the expansion of this glossary database?
By posting the URLs of glossaries, dictionaries and other terminology resources you find on the web.
You can also contribute to this initiative by editing and verifying the links included in the database (this option may or may not be available, depending on your site activity level). Also, since the project has just been kicked off, it will be extremely valuable to get as much feedback as possible about the design and results the searchers are getting. Please send your feedback to support.
URL: enter the URL for the resource (glossary, terminology database or dictionary) Title: enter a title for the resource, e.g. Hydrology Glossary or Dog Breeds or Turkish Language Dictionary Source: enter the source for the resource, e.g. Unicode.org or Association of Dog Breeders of America or Academie Francaise Comment: enter useful comments pertaining to the URL, e.g. "reliable translations", "single-page glossary", "downloadable as .pdf", "watch your step, contains typos". Source Language: select the source language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button. Target Language: select the target language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button. Disciplines: select one or more disciplines, as you would when submitting a KudoZ question.
BSO Category: select one or more BSO categories
When you have completed the fields you want to add, press the Submit button. It's not necessary to fill in all the fields, but if possible, try to fill in as many as you can. This will help us build a better database and enable you to get more precise results in the future. Note, however, that some fields are mandatory and marked with a * for your convenience. Your entry will not be vetted before you have completed the mandatory fields.
5.9 - In what language should I post?
The GlossPost moderator suggests and encourages users to post in English. However, we realize that this may not always be possible, due to multiculturalism considerations. Comments in other languages are considered OK, but for the benefit of all and better search results, try to include at least a few words in English in the keyword field and/or give a title to the glossary in English.
5.10 - As a ProZ.com user, will I get any benefits from posting glossaries?
Yes! Members will be awarded 10 browniz points for each URL submitted, and 5 browniz points for each edited entry. The name of the poster and editor will be acknowledged when URLs are displayed.
5.11 - How can I report bugs or send suggestions?
Feedback is always welcome. Please send an e-mail to support.
5.12 - What will happen to the GlossPost list at Yahoogroups?
The GlossPost list at Yahoogroups will be eventually phased out and replaced by the new resource at ProZ.com. For the time being, however, it will continue to run under the moderatorship of Maria Eugenia Farre. There will also be some forwarding of links from GlossPost at Yps and the Translator Resources Forum to GlossPost at ProZ.com. However, GlossPost subscribers and Translator Resources Forum users are encouraged to post their new finds to GlossPost at ProZ.com.
5.13 - Where can I learn more about the history of GlossPost?
Wikiwords is a collaborative project to create a dictionary of all terms in all languages with definitions and example sentences. More information about this initiative can be found here: http://www.proz.com/wikiwords?pg=about
6.2 - How is Wikiwords affiliated with ProZ.com?
Wikiwords was created and maintained by ProZ.com. However, active support for this service is no longer offered by ProZ.com staff.
6.3 - What should I do if I can't find a term in Wikiwords?